Polcum Springs is 203 acres of mountainous terrain in inland Northern Mendocino County. Located 10 miles northwest of Laytonville, Polcum Springs is a ridge-to-valley watershed varying in elevation from 1,800 ft. to 2,700 feet. The four seasonal creeks on the property are tributaries to year-round Grubb Creek, which converges with Ten Mile Creek, and then the South Fork of the Eel River. Year-round springs provide water to the site.
Polcum Springs is a southwest facing hillside comprised of steep, open grasslands mixed with thick forest consisting of at least 18 major tree species including California Bay Laurel, Madrone, Douglas Fir, and six species of Oak. The primary ridge runs approximately north/south and comprises the Eastern property boundary. From the ridge line, 2 pronounced secondary ridges reach out to the west, forming the complex topography and watershed that is characteristic of the region.
Due to its isolated setting, extreme topography, and overall lack of hunting in the past 50 years, Polcum Springs and the surrounding Star Light Ranch are a haven for animals. Black Bear, Mountain Lion, Bobcat, Fox, Coyote, Turkey, Deer, Ring-tailed Cat, Skunk, and Western Fence Lizard are a few of the terrestrial animals that call this land home. Steelhead, Coho Salmon, Giant Pacific Salamander, California Newt, and Pacific Treefrog thrive in the creeks, ponds and springs. Pileated Woodpecker, Golden Eagle, Red Tailed Hawk, Raven, Ruffied Grouse, Blue Heron, Goldfinch, and Quail grace the skies.
At its peak altitude of 2,697 feet, the landscape offers sweeping vistas of Brush Mountain to the West, Iron Peak to the East, Bell Springs to the North, and Cahto Peak to the South. At its more hospitable elevations of 2,000 – 2,200 feet, current and future building sites are nestled into moderate hillsides, and are more protected from strong winds and storms that approach from the south-west.
Rainfall for the region historically averages 60 – 90 inches per year; the wet season is October through May. The remainder of the year is dry and hot, with occasional summertime temperatures reaching over 100 degrees, but with averages in the 90’s. Average daily wintertime temperatures hang in the 40’s, occasionally dropping into the teens. The property is above the fog line, producing more solar days, fewer frost days, higher winter temperatures, and lower summer temperatures than Long Valley (Laytonville). The temperature can differ more than 20 degrees from Polcum Springs to Long Valley.